Congestion Pricing Primer Series
The Congestion Pricing Primer Series is part of FHWA's outreach efforts to introduce the various aspects of congestion pricing to decision-makers and transportation professionals in the United States. The primers are intended to lay out the underlying rationale for congestion pricing and some of the technical issues associated with its implementation in a manner that is accessible to non-specialists in the field. The following Primers are now available:
- Congestion Pricing - A Primer: Overview (HTML, PDF 664KB) (Publication Number: FHWA-HOP-08-039) - This Overview primer was produced to explain the concept of congestion pricing and its benefits, to present examples of congestion-pricing approaches implemented in the United States and abroad, and to briefly discuss federal-aid policy and programs related to tolling and pricing.
- Economics: Pricing, Demand, and Economic Efficiency (HTML, PDF 3.5MB) (Publication Number: FHWA-HOP-08-041) - This primer describes the underlying economic rationale for congestion pricing and how it can be used to promote economic efficiency.
- Income-Based Equity Impacts of Congestion Pricing (HTML, PDF 1.4MB) (Publication Number: FHWA-HOP-08-040) - This primer was produced to examine the impacts of congestion pricing on low-income groups, public opinion as expressed by various income groups, and ways to mitigate the equity impacts of congestion pricing.
- Non-Toll Pricing (HTML, PDF 458KB) (Publication Number: FHWA-HOP-08-044) - This primer focuses on forms of congestion pricing that do not involve tolls but that are still aimed at creating more efficient pricing mechanisms for automobile use.
- Technologies That Complement Congestion Pricing (HTML, PDF 492KB) (Publication Number: FHWA-HOP-08-043) - This primer explores how technology broadens the success for congestion pricing by supporting the traveler's decision to change travel time, travel mode, and travel route. Complementary technologies (a) extend the benefits of congestion-pricing strategies to those directly and indirectly affected, (b) improve public acceptance of congestion-pricing strategies, and (c) improve the value of existing travel options available to individuals.
- Technologies That Enable Congestion Pricing (HTML, PDF 1.6MB) (Publication Number: FHWA-HOP-08-042) - This volume explores transportation technologies that enable congestion pricing.
- Transit and Congestion Pricing (HTML, PDF 4.5MB) (Publication Number: FHWA-HOP-09-015) - This primer was produced to examine the interrelationships between congestion pricing and transit operations and use.
Publications / Reports / Briefs
- Congestion Pricing: Equity (HTML, PDF 159KB)
- Congestion Pricing: Environmental Benefits (HTML, PDF 159KB)
- Congestion Pricing: Benefits (Time Savings and Throughput) (HTML, PDF 210KB)
- Congestion Pricing: Safety (HTML, PDF 210KB)
- Congestion Pricing: Examples Around the U.S. (HTML, PDF 160KB)
- Congestion Pricing: Examples Around the World (HTML, PDF 170KB)
- Congestion Pricing: Leveraging (HTML, PDF 173KB)
- Congestion Pricing: Public Private Partnership (HTML, PDF 162KB)
- Electronic road pricing in Singapore, Road & Transport Research, December 1999 by Luk, J. Y. K.
- Lee County's Variable Pricing Project, Institute of Transportation Engineers. ITE Journal, April 2002 by Burris, Mark W; Swenson, Chris R; Crawford, George L
- Measures, Markers and Mileposts The Gray Notebook for the quarter ending September 30, 2006 (PDF, 5.55MB)
- Oregon's Mileage Fee Concept and Road User Fee Pilot Program, Final Report November 2007, James M. Whitty (PDF, 2.52MB)
- San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG) - I-15 Fastrak Lanes
- Edward Sullivan - SR 91 Value-priced Express Lanes
- Transek - Cost-benefit analysis of the Stockholm Trial
- Transport for London - Central London Congestion Charging: Impacts Monitoring Fifth Annual Report (PDF, 2.4MB)
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